Read e-book online A better integrated management of disaster risks : toward PDF

By edited by S. Ikeda, T. Fukuzona, T. Sato.

ISBN-10: 4887041403

ISBN-13: 9784887041400

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Though very rare, catastrophic embankment failures do happen, but the resulting damage can be tremendous, especially in urban areas. This type of disaster is called a Low Probability but High Consequences (LPHC) event. In fact, severe flood disasters caused by embankment failures recently have been common in Japan. The 2000 Tokai flood disaster is an example of how damage increases as a consequence of an LPHC event in urban areas. The embankment failure of the Shin River, a medium-size river, 32 T.

Fundamental Characteristics of Flood Risk in Japan’s Urban Areas 35 Table 1. Measures to mitigate in flood risk in occurring process by local resident, local community, and government. ) Damage Residents Reduce precipitation Dam Reduce flood wave propagation Retarding basin (River channel) Local Community Purpose information Evacuation warning system Assisting volunteer group for disaster preventive activities Reduce damage Emergency management Restoration work Financial/Material aid Victim aid system Flood insurance Social/Economic recovery policy Flood fighting activities ·rescue mutual aid · stop spreading damages · gather and share information Mutual aid First aid/Recovery Rescue Financial/Material Aid Volunteer/NPO/NGO Reaction to the emergency: · pay attention to disaster information · prepare for inundation and rain conditions · evacuate Reaction to just behind the disaster Damage:human damage, economic loss, handicap for live, psychological damage, aggravation of natural environment measures:deter & reduce damages, hard/soft, long/short-term, permanent/emergency, preventive/reform measures Overflows were minimized through the use of sandbags filled and placed by the flood brigades of local communities.

Exposure to flood hazards has changed drastically through the concentration of populations and assets. Though very rare, catastrophic embankment failures do happen, but the resulting damage can be tremendous, especially in urban areas. This type of disaster is called a Low Probability but High Consequences (LPHC) event. In fact, severe flood disasters caused by embankment failures recently have been common in Japan. The 2000 Tokai flood disaster is an example of how damage increases as a consequence of an LPHC event in urban areas.

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A better integrated management of disaster risks : toward resilient society to emerging disaster risks in mega-cities by edited by S. Ikeda, T. Fukuzona, T. Sato.


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